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Thursday, 2 February 2012

World lacks enough food, fuel as population soars: U.N., with link to report

World lacks enough food, fuel as population soars: U.N., with link to report


http://www.reuters.com/article/2012/01/30/us-un-development-idUSTRE80T105201
20130

World lacks enough food, fuel as population soars: U.N.

Mon, Jan 30 2012

By Nina Chestney

LONDON (Reuters) - The world is running out of time to make sure there is
enough food, water and energy to meet the needs of a rapidly growing
population and to avoid sending up to 3 billion people into poverty, a U.N.
report warned on Monday.

As the world's population looks set to grow to nearly 9 billion by 2040 from
7 billion now, and the number of middle-class consumers increases by 3
billion over the next 20 years, the demand for resources will rise
exponentially.

Even by 2030, the world will need at least 50 percent more food, 45 percent
more energy and 30 percent more water, according to U.N. estimates, at a
time when a changing environment is creating new limits to supply.

And if the world fails to tackle these problems, it risks condemning up to 3
billion people into poverty, the report said.

Efforts towards sustainable development are neither fast enough nor deep
enough, as well as suffering from a lack of political will, the United
Nations' high-level panel on global sustainability said.

"The current global development model is unsustainable. To achieve
sustainability, a transformation of the global economy is required," the
report said.

"Tinkering on the margins will not do the job. The current global economic
crisis ... offers an opportunity for significant reforms."

Although the number of people living in absolute poverty has been reduced to
27 percent of world population from 46 percent in 1990 and the global
economy has grown 75 percent since 1992, improved lifestyles and changing
consumer habits have put natural resources under increasing strain.

There are 20 million more undernourished people now than in 2000; 5.2
million hectares of forest are lost per year - an area the size of Costa
Rica; 85 percent of all fish stocks are over-exploited or depleted; and
carbon dioxide emissions have risen 38 percent between 1990 and 2009, which
heightens the risk of sea level rise and more extreme weather.

The panel, which made 56 recommendations for sustainable development to be
included in economic policy as quickly as possible, said a "new political
economy" was needed.

"Let's use the upcoming Rio+20 summit to kick off this global transition
towards a sustainable growth model for the 21st century that the world so
badly needs," EU Climate Commissioner Connie Hedegaard said in response to
the report, referring to a U.N. sustainable development summit this June in
Brazil.

ACTION

Among the panel's recommendations, it urged governments to agree on a set of
sustainable development goals which would complement the eight Millennium
Development Goals to 2015 and create a framework for action after 2015.

They should work with international organizations to create an "evergreen
revolution," which would at least double productivity while reducing
resource use and avoiding further biodiversity losses, the report said.

Water and marine ecosystems should be managed more efficiently and there
should be universal access to affordable sustainable energy by 2030.

To make the economy more sustainable, carbon and natural resource pricing
should be established through taxation, regulation or emissions trading
schemes by 2020 and fossil fuel subsidies should also be phased out by that
time.

National fiscal and credit systems should be reformed to provide long-term
incentives for sustainable practices as well as disincentives for
unsustainable ones.

Sovereign wealth and public pension funds, as well as development banks and
export credit agencies should apply sustainable development criteria to
their investment decisions, and governments or stock market watchdogs should
revise regulations to encourage their use.

Governments and scientists should also strengthen the relationship between
policy and science by regularly examining the science behind environmental
thresholds or "tipping points" and the United Nations should consider naming
a chief scientific adviser or board to advise the organization, the report
said.

The report is available at www.un.org/gsp/