Indian path towards Neo-Imperialism.
Excalibur Stevens Biswas
Right after independence India chose a path towards neo-imperialism by sending troops to Kashmir and merging the independent terrain ruled by a hindu king as Pakistan tried to capture it.
Ultimately Kashir is divided and one part ,the Azad Kashir is captured by Pakistan.It is identical holocaust for the people of Kashmir across the political line.
It is greater tragedy than the parttion of India as the holocaust continues on the one hand and Indo Pak relations never normalised since than.
Oveseas players played on this getting hold of economy of this bleeding geopolitics injecting capital in arms race continuous.
The original military build up is the first inflow of foreign capital in India as well as in Pakistan.
During the regime of Indira Gandhi , India's relationship with Soviet Union fuelled India's ambition to become super power in the sub continent and it resulted in the continuity of war,tussles and tension between India and Pakistan.
Which further complicated the Kashmir dispute again and again. The bone of contention remains Kashmir which has translated Indian geopolitics into a intensified war playground and Indian economy as well as Indian people have to bear the burns.
It is the military alliance which introduced permanent agrarian crisis as the foreign money influx multiplied with green revolution. Further agrarian crisis continued and it created serious internal security problem threatening national integrity,unity and sovereignty and with the new set of formal neoliberal economic reforms complicated the problem so much so that India become the partner of US war against terrorism and it shifted the oilwar zone right into the heart of south asia.
Amidst green revolution and a violent Naxal insurrectio for land reforms which continues till this date,India intervened with its military might in the civil war for freedom of Bangladesh while the Indian army was fighting against Naxalites.US Naval presence in Indian oceaon could not stop tearing of pakistan apart into two sovereign contries.
It was a huge win for India just nine years later after losing war against China.But it put India on the map of globalisation, ironically as an emerging superpower,and India kept on empowering its military forces.
At present India has 2nd largest army after neighbouring China.But this Indian military exercise and continuous militarisation of the state in defence of private and foreign capital, eventually ended into a free hunting ground of foreign capital unabated which destroyed indigenous production system and killed Indian peasantry with its workers altogether.
Indira Gandhi enhanced neo-imperialistic ambition of superpower India as the people of Sikkim mandated annexation of the traditionally China linked nation with India.
Mind you,before merging into India , Sikkim was an independent nation without any democracy.It was under the china supported draconian rule by Chogyal, the king of Sikkim.
Even just after independence,during the post independence golden era, under the monopolistic regime of Jawahar Lal Nehru, Sikkim State Congress was formed by his interference,whose declared goal was the demise the regime of Chogyal(king of Sikkim).But Chogyal soon took control over the situation and crushed the movement.
The real problem started when Indira Gandhi came in power and after her huge success in tearing apart Pakistan,she fuelled the movement for democracy in Sikkim by helping Lendup Dorge, and India's secret agency RAW(research naturally tried to finish the China influence in the Himalayas .
In the book ' Inside RAW : India's Secret Service' written by Ashok Raina,the phenomenon is well described and the writer claimed that annexing of Sikkim with India was decided in New Delhi in 1971 and for two years RAW distilled situation in India's way. It is claimed that RAW used Hindu descendents from Nepal to provoke resistance against Buddhist king Chogyal, to fuel the democratic movement and the issue was caste based discrimination by buddhist king.
India from the beginning supported the movement by the rebels against the regime of Thongdup Nangyal. India did call the rebels several time in Darjeeling.
Even though Kaji Lendup Dorge did confessed in his recorded interview that ' People from India's Intelligence Bureau visited me thrice in a year'.
Mind you,he lead the movement by Sikkim State Congress from 1973. The issue created by the hindu nepali descendants , the statement was given that we must merge with India to escape discrimination by Buddhists.
On 27th March 1975, the Indian Parliament decided to wrap up the merging procedure and Sikkim's parliament gave the green signal too.Parliament's decision was to mobilise public opinion to bring democracy and within 4 days by taking votes from 57 areas decision was made to bring democracy.
After the decision Dorge suggested in sikkim parliament to merge Sikkim with India, and surprisingly 32 members boards of Sikkim Parliament had 31 members who came from Dorge's Sikkim National Congress.
On 6th April 1975 early morning Indian army took over Chogyal's palace and it nearly took half an hour to take over 243 guards.While guards were arrested, Sikkim's flag was removed from the palace and it was replaced by India's tri colour.
Dorge received the payment as becoming Sikkim's Chief Minister until 1979.
This made Indira Gandhi and India a very powerful nation, win over Pakistan in 1971 and forming Bangladesh, in 1974, successful nuclear test and in 1975 ,merging Sikkim into India which put India into the world's map as a new neo-imperialistic power.
This neo imperialism made wide open all the floodgates of neoliberalism in India as India has no option left to defend its political border against two hostile neighbours.
The Arms package included the interests of foreign companies.It was the beginning of the selling off the nation.
After this several incidents happened when India sent its troops outside India, and used RAW to meet its political and super power ambition. India's interference can be seen while playing with subsidy issues with Bangladesh.And the biggest interference of RAW in Nepal's election to change the political wave of Nepal's communist party, the way it helped Nepal's army, to rig the ballot boxes.
Now people of Bhutan are under the same threat as Sikkim under, when 2013 elections were held, India wasn't happy with Fensup Donga ,prime minister of Bhutan who was having friendly relations with China, and India took the responsibility to threw his party from power, first it removed subsidy from the cooking gases and kerosene which did put people in trouble, and surprisingly when India's then Prime Minister Manmohan Singh sent greetings to People's democratic party for its win and it was shown on media channels before the results were out.
This explained that the elections were held under India's surveillance. And which endangered the people of Bhutan from India and they are protesting it on net. A Bhutanese blogger writes,'We are so lucky that we took right decision if we didn't then instead of getting a prime minister we would have rather got a chief minister'.
Now the situation is very tight while India's approach as a powerful neo-imperialistic power,of whom the people of neighbouring countries are afraid how safe are the people in India?